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Official Press Release

08 September 2022

Updated: 19 October 2022

What Is the Crypto Fear and Greed Index?


What Is the Crypto Fear and Greed Index?

Table of contents

Market conditions typically influence trading decisions and patterns. However, market participants can’t hop around thousands of platforms before making each trade. Traders must gather required data from trading platforms and general market sentiment.

In addition to curated data and market sentiments, fear and greed are two major factors that influence trader decisions. Traders use the Fear and Greed Index to measure bullish or bearish sentiment, which guides their decisions to buy or sell certain crypto assets at specific times and price points.

What Is an Index and Market Indicator?

An index tracks the performance of a group of assets, typically by measuring the performance of a basket of assets and combining them into a single statistical measure. Indicators help traders analyze market information across various timeframes, which shapes a thesis around trading decisions.

What is the Fear and Greed Index?

The Fear and Greed Index measures overall sentiments in the crypto market. It uses data from various crypto exchanges and news sources to estimate the market's "fear and greed" score. The index generates a single number from 0 to 100. Lower numbers indicate general fear from market participants characterized by bearish conditions. On the other hand, a high number suggests overall greed in the crypto market characterized by bullish market conditions.

An index score of 1 correlates with buying opportunities. This score indicates "extreme fear" and implies that people are afraid to buy assets because of significant drops in overall prices and general market sentiment. When the index score is 1, market participants are staying out over fears that the market will lose even more value.

On the other hand, as the value rises to 100, traders may be looking for selling opportunities. A score of 100 indicates "extreme greed," where assets have been in a steady uptrend, and there are more active buyers than sellers. This may indicate that assets are overbought and a possible reversal is imminent.

The Four Categories of the Fear and Greed Index

The Crypto Fear and Greed Index values go from 0 (extreme fear) to 100 (extreme greed). The following are ranges that indicate the market's overall sentiment:

  • 0 - 24: Extreme Fear
  • 25 - 49: Fear
  • 50 - 74: Greed
  • 75 - 100: Extreme Greed

How Is the Crypto Fear and Greed Index Calculated?

The Crypto Fear and Greed Index calculates its value by combining six indicators. These indicators impact the market differently, with some wielding a larger influence than others.

Volatility (25%)

This indicator compares the current value of a crypto asset and its average values over the last 30 and 90 days. Wide differences in these values indicate more volatility and could move the index value towards fear.

Market Momentum/Volume (25%)

Market momentum compares a crypto asset's current trading volume to the 30 and 90-day average. High market momentum suggests a positive market and moves the index towards greed. On the other hand, low momentum pushes the index towards fear.

Social Media (15%)

This indicator considers public opinion posted on social media platforms. Positive comments shared frequently indicate positive sentiment, which could push the index towards greed.

Bitcoin Dominance (10%)

This measures Bitcoin's share of the total crypto market capitalization. A high Bitcoin dominance means that the market may be fearful, as it indicates that funds are flowing from higher-risk altcoins and meme coins to Bitcoin. On the other hand, the market is likely greedy when altcoins gain market share and Bitcoin loses dominance.

An increase in Google searches about cryptocurrencies usually indicates greed. However, the frequency of searches might be insufficient to make an informed decision. A spike in negative searches could mean that participants are fearful.

Survey (15%)

Polling platforms sometimes conduct weekly surveys to evaluate traders' overall thoughts on market conditions. However, this method is no longer a popular indicator for the Fear and Greed Index.

How Is the Crypto Fear and Greed Index Useful?

The Fear and Greed Index is valuable to crypto enthusiasts and traders, as it helps to make better trading decisions by defining the outlook of the broader market. The index is helpful in the following ways:

Timing Market Sentiment

The Crypto Fear and Greed Index is great for timing market sentiments. The index graph shows price movements, fluctuations in asset prices, and the overall crypto market sentiment. If the index shows that the market is experiencing a lot of fear, it may be a good idea to look for sell or buy opportunities depending on individual trading plans. The Crypto Fear and Greed Index is also a good indicator of overall cryptocurrency strength.

Determining When and To Buy

The index can help traders determine what time presents the best risk-reward ratio for entering or exiting the market. Both sides of the index can offer good opportunities for users depending on their outlook on the market compared to the overall sentiment of the market. For example, if someone's analysis points to a potential turnaround in the market and the general sentiment of the index is fearful, it may present a good buying opportunity.

Monitor Crypto Portfolio

Crypto holders can use the index to monitor their portfolios. Depending on preferred trading plans, holders can change their portfolio when the index is deep in the fear or greed range. The Crypto Fear and Greed index also helps traders to decide when to exit trades and assists with risk management.

Limitations of the Crypto Fear and Greed Index

Although the Crypto Fear and Greed index is useful for crypto traders, some setbacks limit its general adoption. One primary concern is transparency, as it is unclear how the index tracks and calculates its data, particularly in analyzing social media and trends indicators.

Also, the index does not provide the exact formulas used to calculate market momentum, volume, and volatility. Despite these setbacks, the Crypto Fear and Greed index is still a very useful tool that helps summarize a range of fundamental market sentiments.

HODL and Trade on AtomicDEX

Crypto enthusiasts can download and set up an AtomicDEX wallet to discover a wide array of crypto assets. AtomicDEX provides a non-custodial wallet, cross-chain bridge, and cross-chain/protocol DEX rolled into one application.